GRI 402: Labor/Management Relations 2016
Contains disclosures for organizations to report information about their impacts related to labor/management relations, and how they manage these impacts.
The Standard is structured as follows:
Section 1 contains a requirement, which provides information about how the organization manages its impacts related to labor/management relations.
Section 2 contains one disclosure, which provides information about the organization’s impacts related to labor/management relations.
The Glossary contains defined terms with a specific meaning when used in the GRI Standards. The terms are underlined in the text of the GRI Standards and linked to the definitions.
The Bibliography lists authoritative intergovernmental instruments used in developing this Standard.
The rest of the Introduction section provides a background on the topic, an overview of the system of GRI Standards, and further information on using this Standard.
Background on the topic
This Standard addresses the topic of labor/management relations. This covers an organization’s consultative practices with employees and their representatives, including its approach to communicating significant operational changes. An organization’s consultation practices are expected to be aligned with relevant international norms and standards.
Collective bargaining can play an important role in an organization’s consultation practices. Collective bargaining refers to all negotiations that take place between one or more employers or employers' organizations, on the one hand, and one or more workers' organizations (e.g., trade unions), on the other, for determining working conditions and terms of employment or for regulating relations between employers and workers.
These concepts are covered in key instruments of the International Labour Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: see Bibliography.
Reporting on collective bargaining is covered in more detail in GRI 407: Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining 2016. In addition, Disclosure 2-30 in GRI 2: General Disclosures 2021 requires reporting on the percentage of total employees covered by collective bargaining agreements.
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